This report presents the life cycle assessment studies to quantify the environmental impacts of three prevalent ‘worst practices’ in recovery of secondary metals. The three selected practices are as following:
- Open burning of end-of-life tyres (ELT)
- Open burning of waste electrical and electronic cables
- Uncontrolled dismantling of refrigerators
The report is structured as following: Iin the introductory section (1) the aim and scope of the report are provided. Section 2 describes the methodology employed and the assumptions taken to estimate the environmental impacts of ‘worst practices’. Results and hotspots are discussed in Section 3. In Section 4, alternative ‘good practices’ are presented. Finally, concluding statements close the report in section 5.
This publication has been developed by Ecoinvent and WRF under the Sustainable Recycling Industries (SRI) Programme following an extensive stakeholder consultation process. The report supports the implementation of the ISO IWA 19:2017 Guidance Principles for the Sustainable Management of Secondary Metals, which identified most prevalent ‘worst practices’ in developing countries resulting in dramatic environmental and social impacts.